References : Valente, Michael A. Philadelphia: Elsevier. Anal fissure, also known as fissure-in-ano, is a small tear in the lining of the thin moist tissue that lines the anus, causing pain during bowel movement. Over-the-counter stool softeners to make stools easier to pass. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; chap This condition can affect people of all ages, even healthy individuals. Stool softeners and increasing water intake may be necessary to promote soft bowel movements and aid in the healing process.
However, more serious conditions can cause similar symptoms. In infants, anal fissures are very common and tend to heal completely with basic care, including soaks and ointment. Do not let embarrassment stop you seeking help. If the pressure in the area is heightened due to the aforementioned triggers, it can reduce the blood flow and cause a spasm, leading to a fissure. Both of these are performed typically as outpatient procedures.
A sitz bath is a warm water bath used for healing or cleansing. In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor Maximum squeezing anal pressure 4. Although it causes pain and discomfort, an anal fissure usually don't lead to any serious problems. This condition is most frequent in younger and working-age adults. A fissure that fails to respond to conservative measures should be re-examined. As a result, many patients may try not to have bowel movements to prevent pain.
Acute or short-term cases usually heal within a few days. In these select patients, surgical sphincterotomy must be considered carefully. American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons If the pressure in the area is heightened due to the aforementioned triggers, it can reduce the blood flow and cause a spasm, leading to a fissure. Surgery may be recommended in persistent cases of anal fissure where self-help measures and medicine have not helped. They may also ask about your toilet habits.